Cesar Chavez was born in 1927 near Yuma, Arizona, in the desert after his grandparents Cesario and Dorotea Chavez had moved from Chihuahua, Mexico, to El Paso






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CESAR CHAVEZ

Copyright 2007

By Mason
Cesar Chavez was born in 1927 near Yuma, Arizona, in the desert after his grandparents Cesario and Dorotea Chavez had moved from Chihuahua, Mexico, to El Paso, Texas about 1880 for a better life as farmers. Cesar’s father Librado married Juana Estrada, and they had six children. Cesar was their second child and oldest son. They worked hard as farmers, Librado operated a store and was elected postmaster but during the Great Depression in 1937 Cesar’s family became poor.

Cesar Chavez nacio en 1927 cerca de Yuma, Arizona, en el desierto despues de que sus abuelos Cesario y Dorotea Chavez se habian movido de Chihuahua, Mexico, al El Paso, Texas cerca de 1880 para una vida mejor como granjeros. El padre de Librado se caso con Juana Estrada de Cesar, y tuvieron seis ninos. Cesar fue su segundo nino y el hijo mas viejo. Trabajaron duramente como granjeros, Librado opero una tienda y fue eligido jefe de una ocficina correos pero durante la Gran Depresion Economica en 1937 la familia de Cesar llego a ser pobre.

They and about 300,000 other people, mostly Hispanics, went to work in farm fields and orchards in California which often had no bathrooms, electricity or running water. Cesar attended more than thirty schools, loved learning but sometimes experienced prejudice and in some schools was forbidden to speak Spanish. He worked hard in fields while in school, then after graduating from the eighth grade worked all the time in vineyards. He learned that owners and labor contracters often cheated workers but at that time he was alone and could not do anything to help them. In 1944 Cesar Chavez joined the United States Navy.

Ellos y cerca de 300.000 otras personas, sobre todo hispanicos, fueron a trabajar en campos granjas y huertas en California que a menudo no tuvieron ningunos cuartos de bano, electricidad o agua corriente. Cesar asistio a mas de treinta escuelas, quiso aprender pero experimento a veces perjuicio y en algunas escuelas fue prohibido a hablar español. Trabajo duro en los campos mientras en la escuela, entonces despues de graduar del octavo grado trabajo todas las horas en vinedos. Aprendio que los duenos y los contractadores de trabajo enganaron a veces a los trabajadores pero en aquel tiempo estaba solo y no pudo hacer cualquiera cosa a ayudarles. En 1944 Cesar Chavez se junto a la Marina de los Estados Unidos.

After being in the U.S. Navy, Cesar Chavez returned to California where he married Helen Fabela in 1948. They began teaching Hispanic workers to read and write so they could become American citizens to openly try to improve their working conditions. One day, a friendly non-Mexican man from a local Community Service Organization asked Chavez to join the CSO to help inform the migrant workers of their civil rights. Chavez picked apricots during the day but in the evening organized more than 2,000 farm workers to register to vote in just two months. He became so busy doing this he did not pick enough peaches and lost his job. He then worked full-time for the CSO.

Despues de estar en la Marina EEUU, Cesar Chavez volvio a California donde se caso con Helen Fabela en 1948. Ellos comenzaron a ensenar a trabajadores hispanicos como leer y escribir asi que podrian hacerse ciudadanos americanos para tratar abiertamente a mejorar sus condiciones de trabajo. Un dia, un hombre no Mexicano amistoso de una Organizacion Servicia de la Comunidad local pidio a Chavez a unirse con la OSC a ayudar con el informar a trabajadores emigrantes de sus derechas civiles. Chavez recogio albaricoques durante el dia pero en la tarde organizo a mas de 2.000 trabajadores de granjas para registrarse a votar en solamente dos meses. Se hizo tan ocupado haciendo esto que no recogio suficientes melocotones y perdio su trabajo. Entonces trabajo tiempo completo para la OSC.

When thirty-five, Cesar quit working for the CSO to organize the National Farm Workers Union while Dorotea picked fruit to feed their children. Finally 300 members met in Fresno, approved a red flag with a black eagle inside a white circle, and demanded better work conditions and salaries. In 1965 growers hired men to beat up Cesar and his members. Some workers including Cesar went to jail. Then members of the public marched in support. People far from California refused to eat food from there until conditions improved for the workers. Although Cesar died in 1993, California and Texas celebrate his birthday on March 31 every year. In Arizona and Colorado it is an optional holiday. It is the first holiday in U.S. history for a Mexican American.

Cuando cumplo treinta y cinco anos, Cesar paro de trabajar para la CSO para organizar el Sindicato Unido de Trabajadores Granjas mientras que Dorotea recogio frutas para alimentar a los ninos. Finalmente 300 miembros se reunieron en Fresno, aprobaron una bandera roja con un aguila negra dentro de un circulo blanco, y reclamaron mejores condiciones y salarios de trabajo. En 1965 cultivadores emplearon hombres para dar palizas a Cesar y sus miembros. Algunos trabajadores incluyendo Cesar fueron a la jaula. Entonces miembros del publico marcharon en ayuda. Personas lejos de California rechazaron de comer alimento de alli hasta que las condiciones mejoraron para los trabajadores. Aunque Cesar murio en 1993, California y Tejas celebran su cumpleanos en el 31 de marzo cada ano. En Arizona y Colorado es un dia fiesta opcional. Es el primer dia de fiesta en historia de los EEUU para un americano mexicano.

BABE RUTH



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Babe_Ruth.jpg
Copyright 2007

By Mason Emerson
America’s greatest baseball player was George Herman Ruth who was born in 1895. Most people just called him Babe Ruth. When young he often caused problems for his family. He skipped school, chewed tobacco and ran with gangs in the streets. He also committed some small crimes. Finally his parents sent him to a school or reformatory for boys where a priest called Father Matthias began to teach him how to play baseball.
El jugador de beisbol mas grande en America fue Jorge Herman Ruth que nació en 1895. La mayoria de las personas sencillamente lo llamaron Babe Ruth. Cuando joven a menudo causó problemas para su familia. Se ausentó de la escuela, masticó el tobaco y corrió con pandillas (gangas) en las calles. Tambien cometió unas crimenes pequeñas. Finalmente sus padres lo enviaron a una escuela o reformatoria para chicos donde un sacerdote llamado Padre Matthias empezo a enseñarle como jugar el beisbol.
He was a great pitcher and he was also a great hitter. For example he hit 714 home runs in major league baseball. His record of 60 home runs in the 1927 season stood for 34 years until Roger Maris hit more in 1961. For many years he was a member of the Yankees team in New York. One of the nicknames of Ruth was The Bambino. He died in 1948 from cancer, possibly because he had used tobacco too often.
Fue un gran lanzador y fue tambien un gran bateador. Por ejemplo pegó 714 jonrones en la liga mayor de beisbol. Su record de 60 jonrones en 1927 duró 34 años hasta que Roger Maris bateó mas en 1961. Por muchos años era un miembro del equipo de los Yankis en Nueva York. Uno de los apodos de Ruth fue El Bambino. Babe Ruth vivió desde 1895 hasta 1948. Murió en 1948 de cancer, posiblemente porque habia usado tobaco con mucha frecuentamente.
LEARN MORE

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babe_Ruth

NATIONAL HEROES

HEROES NACIONALES
Copyright 2008

By Mason Emerson



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Haiba.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Benito_Juarez_Presidente.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:George-Washington.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sceau_Republique_helvetique.png
Different nations such as the U.S. and Mexico have had famous leaders. The United States even has a holiday called Presidents Day. Some people call it Washington's Birthday. People celebrate this holiday on the third Monday of February. It is a federal holiday. Although it honors George Washington, many people also honor Abraham Lincoln on that day. George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, and Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809. Washington was a military leader who became the first President of the U.S. Lincoln saved the nation by not letting it divide into two different nations.
Naciones diferentes como los EEUU y Mexico han tenido lideres famosos. Los EEUU aun tiene un dia de fiesta llamado Dia de los Presidentes. Unas personas lo llaman el Cumpleaños De Washington. La gente celebra a este día de fiesta el tercer lunes de febrero. Es un día de fiesta federal. Aunque honra a Jorge Washington, mucha gente tambien honra a Abraham Lincoln en ese día. Jorge Washington nació en el 22 de febrero en 1732, y Abraham Lincoln nació el 12 de febrero en 1809. Washington era un lider militar que llegó a ser el primer Presidente de los EEUU. Lincoln salvó la nacion por el no permitir que se divide en dos naciones diferentes.

Mexico has also had famous presidents and heroes such as Benito Juarez. In El Salvador Manuel José Arce (1786–1847) is famous because he fought for independence of Central America from the Mexican Empire of Emperor Agustin Iturbide who ruled Mexico and Central America. José Cecilio del Valle (1780–1834) of Honduras wrote Central America’s declaration of independence from the Empire of Mexico. Two sisters named Trung Trac and Trung Nhi are heroines in Vietnam where they led a successful revolt against China almost 2,000 years ago. William Tell is a hero in Switzerland. Joan of Arc is a heroine in France.
Mexico tambien ha tenido presidentes y heroes famosos como Benito Juarez. En El Salvador Manuel Jose Arce (1786-1847) es famoso porque lucho para la independencia de America Central contra a parte del Imperio Mexicano del emperador Agustin Iturbide que gobernó Mexico y America Central. Jose Cecilio del Valle (1780-1834) de Honduras escribió la Declaracion de Independencia de America Central del Imperio a aparte de Mexico. Dos hermanas nombrado Trung Trac y Trung Nhi son heroinas en Vietnam donde condujeron una rebelion exitosa contra China ya hace casi 2.000 años. Guillermo Tell es un heroe en Suiza. Joan de Arc es heroina en Francia.

FAMOUS ASIANS FLIP-A-COIN BOARDGAME

Copyright 2007

By Mason Emerson

(These public domain images are from wikipedia.com)
Flip a coin (or piece of paper). If it shows heads you go ahead one square. If it shows tails you go ahead two. The movement is always left to right, top to bottom. Read aloud the words in each square. If a square says Lose A Turn, you lose a turn. If it says Go Back Two, go back two. This educational boardgame can teach history and help English Language Learners.


START > Row 1



Deng Xiaoping’s reforms improved the economy of China.



Genghis Khan was a Mongol whose empire was the largest ever on earth. Go back 1.



Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of a united China.



Ashoka united India and spred Buddhism.

Row 2 >



General
Yi Seong-gye established the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) in Korea. Go back 3.



Minamoto no Yoshitomo was a Japanese military leader.



Confucius founded Confucianism in China. Go ahead 2.



Gautama Buddha began Buddhism in India.

Row 3 >



Cyrus the Great founded the Persian Empire.

나는 집을 본다
Sejong the Great created Korea’s own alphabet. Go back 2.



Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified Japan.



The Trung sisters freed Vietnam from China.

Row 4 >



Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded modern Turkey.



Hong Xiuquan said he was Jesus’ brother and began the Taiping Rebellion about 1850.



Golda Meir was a founder and President of Israel. Go back 4.



King Hammurabi of Babylon created a Code of Laws.

THE END
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